Department of Botany

Botany 2021-08-09T05:36:47+00:00




The Department of Botany has completed 6 years of academic excellence with the far-sighted and commendable services rendered by the faculty members all through these years. With the constant support of the management, selfless service of the teaching and non-teaching staff and cooperation from the student community, the department could emerge as a center of excellence in teaching, learning, research and extension activities. The department started with the Under Graduate course in 2012. The department has taken strenuous efforts in nurturing and empowering young boys and girls in achieving their academic goals. The academic and co-curricular activities have helped immensely in moulding their character and enabling them to be committed and competent individuals in family and society. The qualified and experienced teachers are the backbone of the department providing inspiration and encouragement. The strong support provided by the management and the worthy principal to the department in all its activities is commendable. It is to be highlighted that the department is still striving hard to keep up its motif of excellence in every aspect of its activities, academic and non-academic. I expect that the combined efforts taken by all the stakeholders will continue to fulfill our dreams to take the department to the highest levels of excellence.


The most attractive, most useful, and most extensive Departments of human knowledge. It is, above every other, the science of beauty.

I am trying to serve the community in general and students in particular in imparting the knowledge of Botany sothat thesociety gets benefited, self-sufficient in terms of food & free from major environmental problems all over the globe. It is a moment of great pleasure for me to make the students, who are desirous to opt Botany as one of the subjects, aware that Botany deals with the study of various aspects of plants. Ever since the department was established, the department has traversed quite a distance and has surpassed many a milestones in its march towards excellence and distinction,  produced a large number of stalwarts who have taken lead in various walks of life. The main goal of the department at present is to impart quality education and inculcate the attitude of applied research in the minds of new entrants. The department has introduced some more subject specific /skill based courses which are the need of the hour, so that the students get an opportunity to work in any part of the world and compete with the students of any prestigious institution. I want to convey the students that the department has a rich faculty and some of them have strong research background. I advise students to opt Botany as one of the subjects so as to get promoted from the research work of the well competent researchers that will ultimately help in the welfare of the whole mankind/society.

Programme outcome, Programme specific outcome & course outcomes for the specific programme offered of the department:

The College has clearly stated learning outcomes of the programs and courses. The following initiative is followed by the department to communicate the learning outcomes to the teachers and students:

Learning outcome of the programs and courses is recorded in the department.

Soft copy of curriculum and learning outcome of programs and courses are also uploaded on the institution website for reference.

The importance of the learning outcome has been communicated to the teachers concernedwith IQAC.

Hard copy of syllabi and learning outcome are available in the departments for ready.

Herbarium techniques give knowledge to help the identification of plants.

Department of Botany
Programme Outcome: Botany is the scientific study of plants, or multi cellular organisms, that carry on photosynthesis. Botany teaches about Plant  sciences with laboratory work that manipulate living organisms and biological systems to produce products that advance healthcare, medicine, agriculture, food, pharmaceuticals and environment control.

Students are able to know about the characteristics of various plants and classification of different plant groups to understand the different taxonomic group and evolutionary relationships. Students also get knowledge about different types of lower plants such as algae, Bryophyta,Pteridophyta and gymnosperms that indicates the evolutionary relationship in plants. They are also able to understand about environmental problems along with finding solutions. On successful completion of the syllabus the student should have understood the medicinal, economical and aesthetic values of plants and cash crops in day-to-day life.

Programme Specific Outcome: Understand the basic concepts of Taxonomy to identify, classify and nomenclature of plants.

Determine economic, medicinal  and aesthetic values of plants in day today life.

Analyse the relationships like symbiotic, parasitic, commensalism, amensalism  associations etc. between and among the plants with their associates.

Understand the biology of diversity of seed plants or phanerogams.

Understand the diversity of spermatophytes, algae, Bryophytes etc.

Understand the plant disease, chemical properties and evolutionary relationship among taxonomic groups. A general course emphasizing on   morphology, anatomy and physiology of plants. This course also includes sophomore level material covering Microbiology, vascular cryptogams, phenerogams, plantanatomy, Embryology, Genetics and medicinal and economic Botany. Recommended for all UG students.

Two-hours lecture and four-hours lab per day.

Course Outcomes
Taxonomy This course presents the exploration, identification, nomenclature and classification of anthophytes.

On the successful completion of the subject ,the student comes to know the scientific names of plants , species richness and evenness , classification according to Bentham and Hooker , preparation of herbarium and typification.

Genetics This course presents the wayof characters get transferred through generations and methods to analyze and modify them.

Goals: To make the student understand the concept of genes and their behavior.

Objectives: On successful completion of the unit, the student should have understood:

Basic genetics and their role.

Microbiology This course presents the role of microorganisms like bacteria, viruses etc.

Goals: On successful completion of the unit,the student should have understood the structural organization, and life cycle of microorganisms in host.

Algae This course presents the important characteristics of algae and its economic importance.

Objectives: On successful completion of the unit, the student should have understood: micro and macro-algae and their role.

Bryophyta,Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms This course presents the important characteristics of kingdom plantae, their progressive evolution and their diversity.

Goals: On successful completion of the unit, the student should have understood the developmental strategies, medicinal properties of plants and how they are utilized for a variety of commercial and environmental purposes.

Economic Botany This course presents the important characteristics of economically important plants of our country in general and our state in particular like temperate fruits, cereals, saffron etc.

On successful completion of the unit ,the student should have understood the importance of economically important plants and cash crops in day-to-day life.

Plant Anatomy This course presents the internal organization of angiospermicplants, their differential role in the growth and development.

On successful completion of the unit, the student should have understood the internalstructure (root, stem and leaf) ,secondary growth in both dicots and Monocots of angiospemic plants .

Embryology This course presents the process of double fertilization, structure and developmental process of zygote andendosperm ofhanerogames.

On successful completion of the unit ,the student should have understaood the concept of development of male and female gametophyte , pollination followed by double fertilization , and formation of embryo, endosperm seed and fruit.

Cell biology This course presents the types and structural details of the basic unit by which all the living things are made of (the cell).

Goals: To make the student understand the concept of cell and their activities.

This course presents the reciprocal  interaction of organism with their physical environment  : To Acquaint  the student with  the ecological hierarchy of organisms like population, community, ecosystem, biome ,  landscape   and phytogeography and  in-situ and  ex-situ  conservation of the environment.

Objectives: On successful completion of the subject ,the student should have understood the structure  and function of   Ecosystem,  conservation , threats to biodiversity and  values of Biodiversity.

Attainment of Programme outcome, programme specific outcome, and course outcome are evaluated of the department/ institution:

To make conscious mind professionals.

To increase the ratio of competitive learners.

To develop scientific temper in students.

To assess the teaching learning based on feedback.

To make students skill oriented.

To inculcate quality education among students.

To make them aware about environmental problems, threats to biodiversity, conservation and preparation of specimens for reference.

  1. To improve efficiency and effectiveness of the higher education in the state and institutions selected under the programme.

Course outcome:

By this process students feel very happy with the new teaching-learning and evaluation process.

Evaluation: The department measures the attainment of the programme outcome through the evaluation systems. The description of it is as follows:

The department measures the attainment of the outcomes through the continuous internal assessment, seminars, presentation, presentation followed by viva-voce.

Field projects followed by oral examinations, PPT etc.

Laboratory work (experiments) is also done to check the applicability ofthe knowledge in practical biological sciences.

Field visits: The Department of Botany often organizes field visits which serve the dual purpose.The application of the theoretical knowledge is tested and the first hand experience is also given to the student. For instance, Department of Botany organized a field visit for the student to Hokarsar Wetland, Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve, Dachigam National Park, where they comprehended the importance of food chains and food webs, biosphere reserves, national parks, wildlife life sanctuaries etc.

The overall result of the students is analyzed. Areas of weakness for the students are identified through results, regular observation and internal assessments.

Field Trip

One day field was organised by Department of Botany on 12th of May, 2018 to make students aware about the different kinds of Anthophytes, Phanerogames and Thallophytes. During trip students observed different plants growing in their natural habitats which includes a mesmerizing view of Gymnosperm diversity, different Allien species and angiosperms of medicinal and ornamental importance. An enormous collection of specimens, reflecting the rich diversity of the flora of the region was shown to the students. The trip successfully inculcated in students the practicality of different theoretical concepts of Botany.

Extension Lecturer

One day training cum awareness program on medicinal plants for Botany students was organised by SKAUST, Wadura on 15-06-2019. Dr. Shalu Thoker gave the general awareness on medicinal plants in which she mostly highlighted the importance of endangered plants. Thereafter Dr. Rayees Ahmad Dar and Dr. Nusrat Fayaz gave the brief account of medicinal plants utility and their exploration through PPT.

Dr. Javaid Ahmad Khan and Dr. Zahoor Ahmad Lone assisted in making the program a success. Finally the vote of thanks was presented by Prof. Mohammad Aslam Bhat, Head of Department and suggested to sign a MoU with the Regional Director SKAUST, Wadura Sopor, so that the students can visit their campus and can get first hand information of the medicinal plants, cultivation, uses and their conservation etc.


S.No. Nature of Posts Number
1. Teaching Staff 03
2. Non-Teaching Staff NIL
3. Assisting Staff NIL
4. Lab Assistant 01
5. Total 04

From Head of the Department’s Desk

We are trying to serve the community in general and students in particular in imparting the knowledge of botany  so that  the society  gets benefited , self sufficient in terms of food & free from major environmental problems all over the globe.



S.No Name / Mobile/Email ID Designation Qualification Specialization Teaching Experience Photograph CV Attached
1. Prof. Imtiyaz Ahmad Shah Associate professor(HOD) M.Sc.,M.Phil(KU) Economic Botany 18+ years


S.No. Title of the Course Semester Core Course/

Skill Enhancement Course

Link to the Syllabus
1 Biodiversity 1st. Core Course
2 Plant ecology and Taxonomy, 2nd. Core Course
3 Plant anatomy and Embryology 3rd. Core Course
4 Medicinal Botany-I 3rd. Skill Enhancement Course
5 Plant physiology and Metabolism 4th. Core Course
6 Medicinal Botany-II 4th. Skill Enhancement Course
7 Cell and Molecular Biology 5th. DSE
9 Seed technology-I 5th. Skill Enhancement Course
8 Economic Botany and Biotechnology 6th. DSE
10 Seed technology-II 6th. Skill

Enhancement Course



S.No. Equipment Name Quantity Date of Purchase Bill Number
1 Binocular microscope 1 06-12-2013 JSI 2013/137
2 Dissection microscope 20 15-03-2011 1168
3 Monocular microscope 8 25-02-2011 1024
4 Electronic balance 1 16-03-2011 730
5 Distillation plant (4.5Lt) 1 15-03-2011 1168
6 Thermometer 2 20-10-2017 108
7 Hot plate 1 04-03-2011 1059
8 Digital camera 1 25014
9 LCD projector (Sony) 1 23-02-2014 1843
10 LCD projector screen 1 10-03-2017 187


GENDER Semester I Semester II Semester  III Semester V TOTAL
Boys 70 25 25 34 154
Girls 153 65 65 50 333
Total 223 90 90 84 487


S.No Year of Pass-Out Semester Number of Students
1. 2013 Nill
2. 2014 Final Year 48
3. 2015 Final Year 55
4. 2016 Final Year 70
5. 2017 Final Year 20
6. 2018 6th Semester 82


S.No Name of the Student Current Status of the Student
1. YasirQyoomBhat M.Sc. Botany(KU)
2. Tanveer Ahmad M.Sc.Botany/Bioresource(KU)
3. Mehraj din Hajaam M.Sc. Botany(KU)
4. AashiqHussainWani M.Sc.Environment  Science (KU),Forester
5. Masrat Rashid M.Sc. Chemistry(KU)
6. TabasumMaqbool M.Sc. Chemistry(KU)
7 Aeijaz Ahmad Bhat M.Sc. Botany(KU)

Academic Events Organized by the Department During the last Academic Year:

  1. Students counselling-cum special classes for PG entrance (2018) were conducted by the teachers of Botany Department.


Infrastructure/ Facilities/ Services / Equipment

S.No Description Qty
1 HOD Room 1
2 Laboratories 2
3 Dissection microscopes 10
4 Projector 1
5 Store Room 1